The terms Arts and Crafts and Mission Style are often used today as synonymous. They refer to a design style of the house and furniture emitting natural materials, especially wood, and having a pronounced geometry in the design. Their huge popularity in popularity stems greatly from their association with craft items (although many knock-offs are machine-made), a rarity in this technologically advanced age. The pieces offer a legacy quality and a patina that deepens with age. The furnishings and interiors of Arts and Crafts are also very durable and classics with a timeless appeal. They correspond to today's desire to simplify and return to basics. The Arts and Crafts interiors are an ideal marriage of functionality and aesthetics, the spaces are designed to work for those who live there. To create your own interior of art and crafts, there are several elements to consider, both in materials and design.
The materials of an interior Arts and Crafts, without being limited to nature, focus on wood, stone, glass (sand), ceramic tiles (minerals / earth) and textiles (wool, cotton or linen) fibers, and, of course, leather) A large part of the visual pattern comes from the selected wood grain. Traditionally, oak was used, but currently, natural cherry is often appreciated. The oak tends to have a golden brown glow, while the cherry is more red. Both naturally darken with age, it is normal.
Floors, all architectural moldings / moldings, doors, stair railings and studs, as well as exposed structural supports are generally made of wood and oak. The finishes waxed or oil prevail. The joints are anchored or hand-made metal hardware is used. The door handles, cabinet handles and the like are again handcrafted in wrought iron or bronze, black, umber or verdigris. Many are square or rectangular and are hammered by hand. For a lighter look, some homeowners are now opting for a soft brushed tin or nickel finish. Once you have the guidelines, you can bend them accordingly. If an alternative to a wood floor is desired, the tile or slate would be suitable substitutes. The tile should be large and laid in a linear pattern, not on the diagonal.
To balance and complete the visual depth of the wood, the walls are often decorated with a textured or plastered paint (the old bungalows have an original plasterer.) A good bet is the rock finish of river that provides Ralph Lauren painting. The painting patterns are influenced by nature with golden yellows, burnt sienna, Indian red and Indian squashes, sage greens and moss, and a neutral palette of tans, toasts and spices. of beige. The general feeling has a harmony, a continuity of all the elements that work together, none outclassing the other. It is about creating an organic home, working in its environment and making the most of its environment both outside and inside.
Chimneys have coats of wood or stone, with stone, ceramic or sometimes brick surrounds. The wood is oak with a golden spot, usually waxed or rubbed, and not polyurethane. Satin or matte finishes the rule. The stone is field stone, stacked dry or with mortar, it presents a terrible textural visual. The river rock can be used instead and the round smooth stones provide a counterpoint to the otherwise present rectilinear geometry. Ceramic tiles will usually have a pattern of nature, sometimes a leaf or an acorn, or have an iridescent finish. Today, glass tiles are also used to great advantage. The brick, when it is used, is smooth and is arranged in clean horizontal stripes. Again, one of the clear features of an indoor Arts and Crafts is the linear quality. The feeling that the house is part of a wider view, part of the horizon, is an effort to be of and of the land.
Historically, many art and craft and mission houses sported glass windows, or at least many windows. This allowed to leave the windows not recovered and always appear decorative. Today, glass art windows can be expensive except in certain areas, so if the treatment is desired for privacy, light, or heat control, simpler is preferable. This translates to options such as a Roman shadow, silhouettes, wooden blinds, or panels on tabs or rings, on a decorative rod (wood or wrought iron), with finials. If the kisses are desired, take sisal acorns, simple and bold, or a band of the same fabric as the drapery. No trim or other decorative element is required. Fabric patterns can advertise nature, like a leaf print, or be based on geometry. There is a wide range on the market today, including historical prints by William Morris and drawings by Frank Lloyd Wright. The same thing can also be found in wallcoverings, but use them sparingly because they are often busy and distracting. Arts and crafts and mission styles today are both a desire for a healthy and warm lifestyle, a return to the values of yesterday.
The furnishing of the Arts and Crafts house is made of wood, often with an accent of wrought iron or ceramic tile. Glass is rarely used. The tables being functional as well as beautiful, often have at least one drawer and a shelf for storage. The shapes are squares, rectangles and octagons, although today more towers are available. Again, the geometry created by the edges is the most similar. Sofas and chairs are often made of wood with exposed wooden arms and cushions that can be cleaned, cleaned or changed depending on the season. Flexibility and adaptability are paramount characteristics. The mission style goes further and often offers sofas or chairs with a deep wooden shelf, acting as the arm and table (Frank Lloyd Wright design), which gives the illusion of a room integrated. Leather is frequently used or natural fiber fabrics such as cotton, linen or wool. Rich and geometric colors or patterns drawn from nature abound. The most important interest comes from the combination of elements, again, no dominant piece. Busy models are used sparingly, increasing the longevity and flexibility of the furniture. Resources for furnishings include Nippley, American Impressions by Ethan Allen, and Cotswald Furnishings, a top resource for home furnishings and more in Atlanta.
The lighting in a house of art and crafts or mission is critical, especially with all the dark woods and the depth of the popular color schemes. While ceiling lights, including recessed fixtures can give good overall light, it is much more efficient and enjoyable to adopt a multitude of fixtures. Flares (streetlights that give the right light, and are better placed in the corners) can provide valuable general lighting, while table lamps and street lamps are an invitation and a welcome. The accent lighting can be done with fireplace lamps, sconces and dresser lamps. The two most common types of lamps are the mica and metal designs, the body of the lamp being hammered in bronze or copper, the shadow is a sheet of mica; and glass art lamps with wooden or glass art bases and shades of glass in geometric patterns and a form of coolie squared. Other lighting options include an abundance of lighting reproduction across several lighting sources such as Arroyo Craftsmen, and Yamagiwa (available through the designers, they also have an outstanding line of Frank Lloyd Wright designs.)
Accents, accessories and artwork should be kept to a minimum to allow a full appreciation of the home's architecture and nature materials highlighted. This is a good opportunity to balance the predominance of wood with glass, ceramic and metal elements. Both bowls and containers are readily available in all the materials mentioned here. Iridescent ceramic and glass items provide an aerated complement to the weight and depth of the wood.
© 2005 Melissa Galt