The current profession of interior designer is attributed to a woman named Dorothy Draper, who was commissioned to decorate thirty-seven floors of the Hampshire House Hotel in 1937 in Manhattan. Even though restructured architect Frank Lloyd Wright called it a "lower-level desecrator," Draper had decorated dozens of offices, restaurants, hospitals, and even a car for Packard (in 1952) and an interior design. airplane for Convair (880) before she died in 1969.
Ms. Draper has also left a legacy through a number of books, including a series of entertaining etiquette books, some of which have recently been reprinted to help modern socialites entertain the guests and be the life of their parties. In a way, Dorothy Draper was the Martha Stewart of her day, offering advice on a wide variety of questions to her avid readers.
Although Dorothy Draper was no longer a family name, she had an intense effect on American interior design ideas and even though she had her detractors (like Frank Lloyd Wright and others) ), one can not deny that it is she who made possible the job of interior architect for all those who followed her.
Much of Mrs. Draper's work has not survived to this day, but you can still see some of Mrs. Draper's work in various locations across the country. For example, there are still Dorothy Draper chandeliers hanging at the Metropolitan Museum of Art in New York. For a less prosaic look at Mrs. Draper's influence, just look at the blue and orange facades of the many Howard Johnson restaurants that still dot the countryside from one ocean to the other. Their color scheme was suggested by Dorothy Draper.
The science of interior design has come a long way in the last seven years. Today, it is a multimillion dollar industry that integrates aspects of environmental psychology and architecture, as well as designing products and furniture to create spaces that work well and that appeal to their owners.