Sports massage has become an integral part of the new sports regime. It is believed that massage can provide an added benefit to athletes participating in high performance sports. Massage has now become a necessary ingredient for a complete workout. A complete workout routine not only includes exercise, but also take care of wear and minor injuries that occur naturally with intense movement. Sports massage is gradually becoming a popular form of treatment for soft tissue injuries. In addition to injuries, a regular sports massage is also used as an injury prevention tactic.
Regular exercise increases muscle endurance and strength, improves flexibility and respiratory function and improves cardiac efficiency. The body gradually adapts to the demands of physical activities. The physiological and psychological benefits of massage make it an ideal complement to a total conditioning program.
This training and conditioning of a body is covered in three phases: the first is the demolding phase where the body is pushed to its limit, the body ache that most of us feel after starting any form of exercise or physical activity; the recovery phase where the body is rebuilt, when we repeat the activity again and again with fewer and fewer constraints; and, finally, the phase of accumulation where the body accepts new standards of physical demands.
Sport injury massage is a particularly effective way of dealing with injuries that occur during the demolition phase. A lot of approaches and tactics are applied to take care of a particular injury. Over the years, people have gained expertise on many sports injuries.
Recovering from an injury is a long and exhausting process. While the primary goal of physical rehabilitation is to increase strength and flexibility, the process is often limited to the injured body part being restored to its original state.
Massage can be a major supplement to normal procedures. By encouraging circulatory movements and relaxing muscles, massage helps the body pump more oxygen and nutrients into vital tissues and organs. This allows the rehabilitated injured area to become more flexible and heal at an accelerated pace.
Massage has multiple benefits, in addition to the physical comfort it provides. It manifests its effects in three ways; namely physical, physiological and mental.
It can help maintain the physical state, prevent injuries, heal and restore the mobility of injured muscle tissue, improve performance and prolong the overall life of the athletic career. Increased tissue permeability – The deep massage causes the opening of the pores of the tissue membranes, allowing the passage of fluids and nutrients. This helps to eliminate waste such as lactic acid and encourages the muscles to absorb oxygen and nutrients that help them recover faster.
Massage can stretch tissues that can not be stretched in the usual way. The bundles of muscle fibers are stretched lengthwise and sideways. The massage can also stretch the sheath or fascia that surrounds the muscle, releasing any tension or pressure buildup. Break the scar tissue – The scar tissue is the result of previous injuries or trauma and can affect muscles, tendons and ligaments. Intensive training can make the tissues hard and inelastic. The massage helps to reverse this by stretching the tissues. Massage same as exercise, increases blood flow to the tissues. The massage opens or dilates the blood vessels and stretching them, it allows the nutrients to pass more easily.
Regarding physiological effects, massage helps to reduce pain. Tension and waste in the muscles often cause pain. Massage helps reduce this in many ways, including releasing endorphins. The muscles relax through the heat generated, the circulation and the stretching. Mechanoreceptors that detect touch, pressure, tissue length, and heat are stimulated, causing reflex relaxation. For psychological effects; the massage helps to reduce the anxiety by the relaxation.