Nursing homes are designed to serve patients who require preventive, therapeutic and rehabilitative nursing services for long-term, non-acute conditions. Usually, residents are elderly and frail, but not bedridden, although many will need canes, walkers or wheelchairs to help them get around.
Patient stays are relatively long overall, with the majority of residents remaining for the remaining months or years of their lives. Most UK nursing homes will also support a number of recovering patients who are recovering from acute illness but no longer need to be hospitalized.
Retirement homes present particular design challenges in that for most residents, the nursing home is not just an institution, but their home. The reality is that, in most cases, residents will live there for the rest of their lives and, moreover, they rarely leave promises. The retirement home thus becomes their own world. The challenge is to design a sensitive environment that is responsive to long-term human needs and physical and emotional well-being. Fortunately, more and more companies are specializing in the manufacture and supply of stylish and practical retirement home furniture, which means that designers are no longer limited in terms of interior design.
Nursing homes are primarily focused on care rather than medicine, and its most important attributes are probably those that emphasize the overall happiness of its residents rather than considerations high technology. The characteristics of a well designed nursing home are as follows:
The impact of the environment and the environment on the recovery of nursing home patients can not be underestimated. The architect and the interior architect of the building must both acquire a thorough understanding of the function of the place and the profile of his patients. Care must be taken to ensure that the exterior and interior design responds to physical and mental disabilities as well as loss of vision. This should be packaged so as to suggest a home away from home as opposed to a medical institute.
In order to create the most efficient space possible for staff and patients, the concept of retirement home should promote efficiency by minimizing the distance to browse between spaces that are most frequently used such as recreation rooms, dining rooms and toilets. The ease of supervision is another essential feature, as allowing a minimum of staff members to supervise patients can reduce the total number of staff required by the nursing home and free up the nursing staff to perform. other tasks at any time.
Cleanliness and Sanitation
Odor control is a priority for all nursing homes because many patients are likely to suffer from occasional incontinence. The resulting odor can give the impression of poor hyginene and poor hygiene to the family and other visitors. In addition to the operational practices and judicious choice of nursing homes the following design features may also help:
Highly visible washrooms at key locations near spaces where residents congregate  Durable finishes for each space used by residents
Appropriate detail of certain features such as doorframes, cribs and finishing transitions to prevent cracks and joints that accumulate and are difficult to clean 
] Effective ventilation, which may have to exceed nominal design levels.