At least 85% of people suffer from acne during their lifetime. Acne lesions usually appear on the face, neck, trunk, arms, and buttocks and are commonly referred to as zits, pimples, and blemishes. Medical terms include comedomas (blackheads and whiteheads), papules (raised swollen bumps), pustules (raised white bumps), nodules and cysts (deep, often sensitive bumps benefit the skin).
There are three main components of the onset of acne:
1. Clogging of skin pores and hair follicles by dead skin cells.
2. Androgenic (hormonal) stimulation of sebum production. Sebum is a natural oil produced by the glands of the skin
. 3. Bacterial infection causing inflammation of the pores of the skin and hair follicles.
Contribution factors that are very important and often overlooked include emotional stress and pressure on the skin, such as keeping the face on the hands. Acne is not caused by chocolate, fatty foods or in fact by any type of food. Rashes often occur in winter and with the beginning of the menstrual cycle in women, and almost all of the acne contributes to hormonal factors. The psychological impact must also be assessed for each individual and the management plan modified accordingly. In some cases, acne can cause an individual to experience social withdrawal, low self-esteem and sometimes even depression.
There are a number of therapies to control acne that in some cases can be combined. However, your doctor may first recommend a topical preparation for at least six to eight weeks before considering other treatment options. Therapeutic options may vary depending on the severity of the acne and may include:
o Topical preparations such as gels, wash solutions, salves and salicylic acid-containing medications, and lotions Glycolic acid or benzoyl peroxide.
o Oral medications such as antibiotics, hormone therapy and retinoids.
o Phototherapy (phototherapy).
o Invasive treatments such as injections, peels and skin resurfacing.