Barns have been part of the American landscape for hundreds of years. Originally a workplace, they evolved into urban or domestic spaces. The barns have disappeared in much of North America and Europe. Historically, barns were on the outskirts of cities and therefore had delivery powers. As the lands they occupy continue to have more value than the amount taken from agriculture, the subdivision of farmland has become increasingly common.
While the old age of barns may be behind us, many are working to adapt and preserve this structure with classical building techniques and new materials to continue to play a vital role in our landscape. Barns also evolve to adapt to modern farming techniques and machinery.
Artists were among the first to recognize the potential barns offered as large workspaces or personal retreats. The spaces formerly used for livestock have been transformed into studios, workshops, theaters where writers, carpenters, painters can work and live.
The most widespread use of processing bars now seems to be for domestic use, but over the last decade, farmers and agriculture have suffered, as have these big icons. Their movement is to preserve these great icons and many groups have been set up in different states with some offering tax incentives to preserve and safeguard these large structures.
Originally barns were built to store crops and livestock. It has become commonplace for barns to be built new or renovated for the domestic market or sometimes called urban bar-esque while preserving the properties of the original structure and open spaces
A pole barn, or sometimes referred to a cattle barn in North America, is a structure with a roof extended over a series of poles. Since the roof is supported by the poles, which constitute the outer barrier of the barn, the roof shape is often gable or semi-circular / fretted. If you have ever driven by modern farms, you may have seen these Pole barns used for hay storage or livestock shelter. 2) Low cost
2) Ability to store large amounts of hay in areas easily accessible by vehicles, machinery
The design of most barns is simple. The poles form the outer walls and support the roof. The materials used range from light metal to canvas. The style may vary depending on the function of the barn. A barn used to fix hay may lack any type of lower exterior wall while a pole barn used to house livestock would have a wall form that would meet the roof.
It is interesting to note that barns can be categorized by style, region and / or function. Examples of areas include an English barn, or Dutch. These barns can be further subclassed by function and style. Post barns and tobacco barns are examples of function classification. New England Post barns and beams can be both functional and unique.