A well-designed space is memorable and can be simply extraordinary. It is these spaces that make good use of basic design elements and principles. The elements look very much like paintings used by an artist and include space, line, shape, color and texture. The principles are a guide to use the elements wisely and include balance, rhythm, harmony and emphasis.
Balance is essential in design because it creates a sense of balance in the space. Balanced equilibrium does this by duplicating the same object to create a mirror image in the room. This type of balance can become bland and boring if used too often. The asymmetrical balance allows visual weights of colors and textures to create balance without duplicating real objects and is usually more eclectic and interesting. The radial balance is achieved when there is a central focal point from which other objects radiate, such as chairs sitting around a table.
In design, rhythm is about creating patterns of repetition and contrast to create visual interest. This is achieved by using the same color or shape at different intervals. His goal is to move the eye through the space and create a harmonious atmosphere in the room. This element can also be created using progress, which is a gradual increase or decrease in size, color, or direction.
Harmony in design is when all elements act successfully together to create a unified message. Harmony can create a rest, as opposed to excitement as the pace can ignite. An entire set is created that gives the space a meaning or an order. Harmony can be achieved by using a single color in various aspects of shape, design, texture and size. Repeating elements, adding variety and balancing them across a room can give a space a personality of its own.
Finally, most architectural spaces have a focal point, or anchor, that creates the focus for a space. This can sometimes be a fireplace or a bay window will be an impressive sight. If the piece does not have an integrated accent, it is important that the design creates one using furniture groups or a great accessory. Without emphasizing, a piece can be scattered and disorganized.