Although the underlying cause of acne seems to vary from one type of skin to another, the processes responsible for the appearance of spots are well known. The pores of the skin contain hair follicles and oil produced from the sebaceous glands. Generally, these glands generate a "normal" amount of sebum oil that helps lubricate the skin and helps the dead cells to separate from the skin's surface as part of the ongoing regeneration process of the skin. When dead skin cells around the follicles fail to get rid of the pores, this can cause pore blockage.
The blocked follicles turn into white spots, then into blackheads and when bacteria are present in the blocked pores, they can turn into unsightly inflamed red spots. Bacteria are present on all skin and are part of the natural cycle of skin care. However, when a pore is blocked by an excess of oil and dead cells, the bacteria on the skin multiply and increase inflammation in the blocked pore. This is the main cause of blackheads and unsightly stains.
Teens are more prone to develop acne, which is directly related to the hormonal changes that occur at puberty. In the approach of puberty, the body begins to produce androgenic hormones that stimulate oil production by the sebaceous glands. This makes pores more likely to become clogged and cause acne. An increase in the amount of estrogen in women during pregnancy can also produce the same effect. Acne is not usually caused by dirt, blackheads can look like dirt stuck in the pores, but it's actually oxidized keratin, which is caused by the cells skin that has not separated from the skin.
Medical Treatment Products
- Glycolic acid and mandelic acid are ingredients to look for to help reduce excessive accumulation of skin cells
- Products containing salicylic acid can help penetrate deep into the pores of the skin, reducing oil levels and dead cells
- be a good way to remove dead skin cells, prevent and treat blackheads. They should be used sparingly, once or twice a week, as excessive use can cause irritation
- Benzoyl peroxide is effective in treating inflamed acne by oxygenating pores and destroying bacteria that aggravate the problem . These should be used in low doses to reduce the risk of irritation
Pimples begin to form two to three weeks before they even appear on your skin. So do not be discouraged if your treatment does not have any immediate effect – they are not designed for. It is also important to continue your treatment (if it is effective for you) in the long run in order to avoid future problems.