There are hundreds of pathogens in the environment that can cause infectious diseases in humans. Some of these diseases, such as HIV / AIDS and Ebola, are extremely feared and death is the only way to get rid of the infection. Most of these diseases result from certain risk factors that can be classified into controllable and uncontrollable risk factors.
Some of the risk factors that can cause illness are highly ignored and poorly treated. These types of risk factors are known as controllable risk factors. It is possible to control the spread of infectious diseases and prevent an outbreak by managing these factors appropriately. Some of the risk factors for infectious diseases are explained below.
1. Unprotected sex: Sexually transmitted diseases such as AIDS are mainly due to unhealthy or unprotected sex. It is always best to use condoms during sex. Apart from this, one should always avoid performing oral sex with a stranger. It is always best to stay true to one's best half.
2. Untreated open wounds: this factor represents the greatest risk of infection by pathogens. Open wounds should always be treated immediately with an effect.
3. Poor hygiene: Soil contaminants, such as nematodes, spread through the system when people consume food with unwashed hands. It is always good to maintain good hygiene. Wash hands before and after eating. Clothing, including clothing inside, should be changed regularly. They must be thoroughly cleaned with a good detergent.
4. Damaged foods: Many foodborne infections, such as brucellosis, spread through the consumption of damaged foods already contaminated with pathogens. Even pathogens such as nematodes spread in raw foods. Therefore, it is important to cook food well and consume it before they are spoiled.
Unhealthy diet: A diet devoid of essential ingredients such as protein, fat, minerals, vitamins and carbohydrates can result in a decrease in immunity. People with poor nutrition are extremely vulnerable to infectious diseases.