Often, uneducated individuals use the terms Damascus, Brocade and Jacquard interchangeably. He can often confuse those who are not familiar with the world of fabrics. Jacquard is a decorative or woven pattern that is created using a Jacquard attachment on a loom. The attachment looks like the punched card on a piano. It is supposed to offer better versatility and fabric control for the loom operator. The jacquard technique can be applied to a variety of fabrics, and it is commonly used on brocade and damask fabrics. It is commonly used in a variety of clothing and household items, from tablecloths to bedding.
Brocade is defined as a sumptuously decorated shuttle fabric. It is mainly woven from silk; However, it is possible to find brocade constructed from a blend of silk and synthetic fibers. Often it will be embroidered with gold or silver thread. Brocade can trace its origins back to India, where weaving is a traditional art form. It is usually woven on a loom and can be woven or not Jacquard technique. It is also characterized by the manner in which the brocaded or cut parts of the fabric are suspended in loose groups or are cut. Although the scenes and patterns on the brocade seem to have been embroidered, the scenes are actually woven into the fabric using advanced weaving techniques that involve manipulating the weave and weaving of the fabric. The most common types of scenes depicted on brocade fabric are those of floral prints.
Damascus, like brocade, is a fabric that features woven scenes of floral motifs, intricate geometric patterns, or simple scenes of domestic life. It can be woven of silk, wool, linen, cotton or synthetic fibers. However, it is most often created from silk. It is mainly different from brocade in that its woven pattern is reversible, while that of brocade is not. Similarly, shorter damask patterns create more subtle effects in the fabric by playing with shadow and light. Damascus also contains more threads than brocade. Double damask weaves are the highest quality damask produced; however, it is also the most expensive.