A green house minimizes the negative impact on its environment through its domestic design. Here are some considerations that an architect takes into account when designing a green home:
1. Site: Assessments and analysis of access, slope, ledge , Soil, water plans and vegetation in order to limit the impact of the house on the environment of the site. This includes the location of the site (agricultural land, wetlands, protected habitats) and proximity to public transport, parks, schools and shops.
2. Size: A green house is designed effectively to minimize the area in square feet. This reduces the amount of energy to heat and cool the house, lighting and the amount of building materials used, and also controls costs and reduces impact on the site.
3. Solar: Whether or not there is a plan to install a solar energy system to heat water or generate electricity, there are several Other solar considerations in the design of green houses. The design of the house for passive solar energy takes maximum advantage of solar energy by harvesting it in the natural energy flows of homes. Passive solar systems include daylighting strategies, heating and cooling control techniques, and natural ventilation. When an integral construction approach is taken, energy savings can be great both to reduce the carbon footprint of the home and the costs associated with heating, cooling and maintaining House.
4. Energy: lighting, heating and cooling systems are an important consideration in designing green homes. Renewable energy systems such as solar, wind and geothermal systems use the earth 's natural energy to heat and cool the house, as well as to provide electricity to operate the appliances and The technology …
5. Water conservation: building a new home presents a unique opportunity to save water. Two energy and energy saving strategies that can be easily incorporated into an energy efficient home design are 1) the overall water reduction used in the home by specifying the energy- Low flow water, low flush toilets or composting, installation of aerators on all faucets, and installation of shower head nozzles at low flow; And 2) the specification of a plumbing system that reuses gray water (sewage from domestic use such as dishes, linen and bath) for toilet flushing, Watering lawns, etc. (Note: some gray water systems require approval from most local construction jurisdictions, the architect will check this before design).
Of course, a new home should use minimal quantities of fossil fuels, last a long time and cost less money. Many home design strategies do not cost an emergency penny, but can save hundreds of dollars on heating and cooling costs. The result is a beautiful and healthy home – for homeowners and the environment.