Just like the origin of the playing cards, the origin of the solitaire is largely unknown because there are no historical documents to support. There is a lot of guesswork and controversy about the story of Solitaire as to where it really began. However, the first solitary written documentation did not appear until the end of the 16th century and since then Solitaire has had a long history and at one time had a less than stellar reputation.
By the 12th century the game "Al-qirq" (the mill, in Arabic), which later became the game of "Alquerque", was the most widespread game until the end of the 12th century in Europe. Playing cards were introduced in Italy in the 1300s. During this time, they also became popular in Northern Europe. There is a card game called Tarok that was invented at that time and is still played until today. It is also thought that the solitaire games were first played with tarot cards, which would indicate that the solitaire probably preceded the traditional multiplayer card games.
The French engraving of the Princess of Soubise in 1697. Legend has it that Solitaire was invented by Pelisson, a French mathematician, to entertain Louis XIV – known as the "Sun King". Another legend tells that an unfortunate French nobleman, imprisoned at the Bastille, designed the game using a Fox & Geese Board (the Fox & Geese Board has been used for a variety of board games in Northern Europe since the Vikings). There is a doubt about these legends, since Ovid wrote about the game and described it in his book "Ars Amatoria".
The end of the sixteenth century was an active period for the invention of various card games. It was at this point that Ace appeared as high up instead of down in the chart rankings. Several new card games were invented during this period and new variants were added, so it is likely that the solitaire games were invented and named
. The author of War and Peace, Tolstoy, loved playing solitaire and mentioned it in a scene from his famous novel. Tolstoy sometimes used cards to make decisions for him in a somewhat superstitious way. The oldest literature mentioning patience is of French origin. Even the word "solitary" is of French origin and means "patience". The names of most of the first solitaire games are also French names, the best known of which is La Belle Lucie. When Napoleon was exiled to St. Helena in 1816, he played at Patience to pass the time. Deported to the island lost in the ocean, he knew what confinement was like; he also knew how cards could comfort a convict to loneliness. During his exile to St Helena, Napoleon Bonaparte was playing patience in his spare time. Some solitaire games were named like him, like Napoleon at St. Helena, Napoleon's place, and so on. It is unclear if Napoleon invented any of these solitaire games or anyone else around that same time period.
appear at the end of the 19th century. Lady Adelaide Cadogan is believed to have written the first book on the rules of the solitaire and patience game called "Illustrated Games of Patience" just after the Civil War (1870) containing 25 games. It is still reprinted from time to time even today. Other non-English compilations on solitaire may have been written before that. Previously, there was no literature on solitaire, not even in books such as Charles Cotton's The Compleat Gamester (1674), Abbé Bellecour's Academy of Games (1674) and Games Manual of Bohn (1850). In England "Cadogan" is a familiar word for solitaire in the same way that "Hoyle" is for card games.
Lady Cadogan's book gave birth to other collections of other authors such as EDChaney, Annie B. Henshaw Dick and Fitzgerald, HE Jones (aka Cavendish), Angelo Lewis (aka Professor Hoffman), Basil Dalton and Ernest Bergholt. E.D. Chaney wrote a book about solitaire games called "Patience" and Annie B. Henshaw wrote a book with an interesting title "Amusements for Invalids". Several years later Dick and Fitzgerald in New York published "Dick's Games of Patience" in 1883, followed by a second edition that was published in 1898. Author, Henry Jones, wrote a fairly reliable book on the lonely called "Patience Games". Another Jones, unrelated to Henry, Miss Mary Whitmore Jones wrote 5 volumes of solitaire books over a period of twenty years around the 1890s. Several other publishers of various game books also added solitaire to their long lists of games in their titles. One of the most complete solitary books was written by Albert Morehead and Geoffrey Mott-Smith. Their latest edition contains rules for more than 225 solitaire games and has been used in this writing.
"War and Peace" by Leo Tolstoy mentions a scene that took place in 1808 when the characters played with patience. Charles Dickens "Great Expectations" mentions the lonely in its history. In "A Handful of Dust" by Evelyn Waugh, a character shows patience until news of a death reaches London
In the novel by Fyodor Dostoevsky [The Brothers Karamazov] the Grushenka character plays a solitaire game called "Fools", a Russian. equivalent of "Idiot's Delight", to go through moments of crisis. A very popular solitaire game, solitary spider, was played by Franklin D. Roosevelt. Somerset Maugham's "Gentleman in the Lounge" mentions Spider's solitaire and quotes Lonely as "a casual disposition In John Steinbeck's novel From 19459006 the protagonist George Milton often plays Solitaire on the road and on the farm. keeps busy playing Miss Milligan
In the movie "The Manchurian Candidate" of 1962, Raymond Shaw is forced to perform specific actions through a brainwashing trigger, which is one of the Swallows series books and Amazons by Arthur Ransome In the Finnish TV series "Hovimäki", Aunt Victoria loves to play solitaire
Several solitaire games have gained notoriety thanks to literature and other avenues. Bill Beers, a notable inventor of solitaire games, was in a psychiatric asylum when he invented a variant of Cribbage Solitaire.was plenty of time to play solitaire, but was have been unable to use traditional maps because they could be used as a sharp weapon. They were forced to use thicker tiles for cards that were bulky and difficult to handle.
A famous casino is responsible for the invention of a very popular solitaire game. Mr. Canfield, who owned a casino in Saratoga, invented a game where one would buy a deck of cards for $ 52 and get $ 5 for each card played at the foundations. He averaged $ 25 per game, however, each game required a dealer to watch the player, so the profit was not as high as one might think. The real name of this popular game was Klondike, but the name Canfield stayed and is almost as used as the word patience. Because of its difficulty in winning, the time it takes to play and the lack of choice along the way, Klondike has lost popularity at other popular solitaire games. Today, most people refer to Klondike simply as Solitaire.
The loners and the reasons why people like to play with these patchworks of cards have, of course, changed since the time of loners. In the contemporary world, we sometimes need a break from a daily and a tedious treadmill. Solving solitaires is not just a way of distracting time; it's also a sure way to relax after work. The long winter nights have helped Jack London characters to have fun. A great musician, Nicolo Paganini was also in favor of solving solitaires; his favorite solitaire was later named after his name.
A good loner does not only help you relax and kill time; it's also an excellent mental gymnastics. This is why loners attracted mathematicians like Martin Gardner and Donald Knut. As his contemporaries saw him, Prince Metternich, a prominent 19th century diplomat, used to sit and meditate on gnarled solitaries before embarking on the most difficult negotiations. difficult.
Today, most people call Klondike simply Lonely. Because of its difficulty in winning, the time it takes to play and the lack of choice along the way, Klondike has lost popularity at other popular solitaire games.
When we think of solitaire games today, many people immediately think digital versions for computers, for example lonely for mac and solitaire PC games, however, there are still millions of people who play in the "old fashioned way" with a standard deck of cards, perhaps a bit like the card game almost 200 years ago.