As several topical and systemic acne medications are available over-the-counter, the question of how to treat acne during pregnancy without causing adverse effects to the mother and fetus has become an important problem.
Pregnancy has a double action on acne. In some cases, acne lesions disappear when they are pregnant; while in others, acne appears for the first time during pregnancy! Another group will experience a worsening of their acne during pregnancy. These contrast effects are due to hormonal imbalances occurring during pregnancy.
How to treat acne during pregnancy?
Before answering this question, let's take a look at what drugs should absolutely be avoided during pregnancy.
Common Acne Medications to Avoid for Acne During Pregnancy
- Oral Retinoids: Absolutely contraindicated during pregnancy and in women likely to become pregnant. These drugs cause birth defects. If women of childbearing potential must receive these medications, two types of contraceptives should be followed for the duration and two months after stopping treatment.
- Tetracycline: Due to their adverse effects on bones and teeth, tetracyclines should not be used during pregnancy, breastfeeding or in women likely to become pregnant.
- Similarly, because of concerns about cutaneous absorption topical tretinoids topical tetracycline and clindamycin topical used to treat l [a]. Acne should not be used during pregnancy.
Guidelines on the treatment of acne during pregnancy
- Whenever possible, avoid all types of drugs during pregnancy, especially the first trimester (except for folic acid and any other essential medication that your obstetrician may prescribe).
- Do not use herbal cosmetics or acne products, natural or not, during pregnancy. They may contain substances that may harm the fetus. (Do not rely on the false impression that all herbal or natural products are safe: anything under the sun, including the sun, can be harmful to your health.
- Even Acne During pregnancy
- Avoid spicy, fatty and fast foods Avoid chocolate and dairy products as much as possible Adopt a balanced and nutritious diet for both the baby and the mother – a negative effect on the formation of new acne lesions Follow dietary recommendations for acne .
- Do moderate exercises advised by your doctor, be sure to get enough sleep and take the time to relax regularly.
- If, after all, you decide to treat acne during pregnancy, the following medications may be used under medical supervision:
- Light Acne: Topical  014] Benzoyl peroxide 2.5-5%. 19659008] Moderate acne: If benz oyl peroxide alone is not effective, topical erythromycin can be used in the morning with benzoyl peroxide overnight.
- Severe Acne: When there are many inflamed acne lesions accompanied by signs of deep isolated nodules and development of acne cysts, a systemic medication may be necessary to avoid scars. In such cases, oral erythromycin may be associated with topical benzoyl peroxide. The only problem is that erythromycin can be poorly tolerated in pregnant women who have morning sickness or gastric irritation. The drug should be stopped if a severe burning sensation in the abdomen occurs, worsening of nausea and vomiting, etc.
Disclaimer: The information provided in this article is intended solely for educational purposes and is not intended to replace the advice provided by your own dermatologist or physician. 39, other health professionals. You should not use the information contained herein to diagnose or treat a health problem or illness, or to prescribe a drug. Many skin diseases have a similar morphology and may look similar, although their treatment protocol varies. Here, self-diagnosis and treatment are not advised. When in doubt, always be safer and consult your dermatologist or doctor.