Interior Design Elements


Whether you're working with existing furniture and fabrics or "starting from scratch" with an empty room, you should always use design elements and principles as a guide to choosing everything. The elements are your tools or raw materials, just as the paintings are the basis of a painter. Design elements include space, line, shape, color, and texture. The design principles relate to the way you use these elements and are balance, emphasis, pace, proportion and scale, and harmony and harmony. ;unit.

Element # 1: Space

The space defines the boundaries and sets the boundaries on the functional and decorative things you can do. Usually, you do not determine the space; Instead, you will be faced with the challenge of effectively using the existing space.

Element # 2: Line

The one-piece lines are only second to the importance of color when it comes to defining the overall mood or feeling from one room. The fashion lines of the windows should support the dominant line of the room. In most cases, the dominant line is straight (vertical, horizontal or diagonal) rather than curved. Your choice to accentuate the direction of the lines will determine the mood you want to create.

o Vertical lines add height and dignity, creating a more formal atmosphere. Vertical lines also balance the horizontal lines found in most furniture.

o Horizontal lines tend to create a relaxed, informal feeling. They work well in casual rooms or as a relief to strong vertical formal rooms.

o Diagonal lines attract attention and direct the eye. They can be disturbing without being supported by verticals or diagonals opposite.

o Curved lines add a softening effect and prevent the room from becoming too rigid. Use curved lines with a little restraint to prevent the room from becoming too soft and feminine.

Element # 3: Shape

The lines that meet produce the shape, shape of an object, which in turn influences the overall feeling of a piece. Straight lines create rectangles, squares and triangles. The curved lines form circles and ovals. The rectangle is the most popular form and is often the dominant form in a room. Triangles provide stability and curved shapes soften the contours of objects.

Element # 4: Color

More than anything else, color can make a room beautiful. Color can set the mood. This can make a room warmer or cooler, bigger or smaller. It can hide unsightly features or draw attention to the center of interest. Even with the simplest furniture, the proper use of color can transform a room.

Element # 5: Texture

Texture plays an increasingly important role in interior design. The visual texture is a material of beautiful softness or roughness. To maintain and enhance a casual feel, use textured fabrics that are more or less textured. Smooth and shiny surfaces such as silk, moiré, chintz and silky appearance promote a more formal feeling in a room. The use of multiple levels of complementary textures adds variety and keeps the interest. However, it is a good idea to avoid dramatic contrasts in texture.


Source by Kathy Iven

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