The term nature photography refers to a large type of photography that deals with natural elements and large spaces.
Some subjects in nature photography would be wildlife and animals, flowers, trees or plants, spiders, snakes and insects, landscapes, seascapes and other land formations. Photographic views can range from extreme macro photography or close-ups to large, triptych-style panoramic photographs. Unlike documentary photography and art photography that addresses a subject or an artist's point of view, nature photography usually aims to be more aesthetic. Nature Photography tries to express the beauty of its subject through color, depth and perspective.
Nature photographs are a very broad term that contains many sub-categories. Some of the most popular categories and topics are wildlife, landscapes, seascapes, plants and many more.
Wildlife photography deals with the animal kingdom, elephants with mangrove beetles, salmon with sharks, penguins with potted bellies. Wildlife photographers are trying to capture their subjects in their natural habitats and to behave normally.
Landscape Photography attempts to capture the great nature of our environment. The subjects of landscape photographers are usually land masses, mountains and mountain ranges, sunsets and cloud formations, waterfalls and coastal views. The human presence is usually absent from landscape photos in an attempt to capture the raw beauty of a scene unhampered by the hand of man.
Seascape photography seeks to capture the sea and its many faces. The presence of humans or animals in seascape photography is neither required nor prohibited. There are many beautiful panoramic views of the ocean with a whale or a boat. The seascapes are also related to the category of beach scenes that includes beaches, water, shoreline, tropical scenes and perhaps a sunset.
Plant photography deals with all forms of plant life, from flowers to vegetables, from trees to moss. Plant photography usually deals with close-ups, still shots and macro shots. Flowers and close-ups are a popular theme of plant photography.
Nature photography is a big category apart. All subcategories that one could technically qualify as nature photography are clearly classified under the guise of Nature.
Some of the most famous nature photographers would be Ansel Adams who pioneered landscape photography with his stunning black-and-white photos of magnificent landscapes to the states -United. Another would be Galen Rowell who was a photojournalist and became famous for his beautiful landscapes. Other names include William Henry Jackson, Eliot Porter, David Muench and Philip Hyde.
Nature is still today the most popular category of photography. Whether for nature or for the amateur on vacation, the category of nature photography remains strong and is here to stay.