Oriental carpets come from the region encompassing China, Vietnam, Turkey and the countries of the Maghreb, Cyprus, Iran, India and the Caucasus. This stretch of land is famous for beautiful carpets. The connection of oriental rugs to the ground where they are made is deeply rooted. Each region has its own carpet design.
The beauty of the Oriental rug lies in its symmetry and its choice of vibrant colors that do not fade with generations of use. In most carpets, the design is designed in two specific areas: the borders and the field of the carpet. The design can be broadly categorized as curvilinear and rectilinear. The floral patterns are curvilinear designs as they have curved contours and tendrils. Geometric patterns and angular patterns are rectilinear patterns. The field of the carpet is filled with these motifs in an integral pattern, a medallion or a prayer. This is particularly the case with Persian rugs that use repetitive design in Herati rug designs, pear (palm leaf), Gula hula and Mina Khani rugs. The Persian rug also often uses a floral carpet.
Repetitive design is also found in Tukoman carpets, all Bokharas, Afghans and almost all Baluchistan carpets. Bokhara and Afghan carpets also use octagons or other repetitive geometric figures.
Some drawings that originated in these are now used in clothing and quilts. Examples include the drawing of the tree of life, the lotus flower, the bird of paradise, the knot of destiny and the stars of the Medes.
Indian and Pakistani carpets
The Indian and Pakistani carpets were greatly influenced by the Persians. Thus, the carpets of these regions have the same floral and geometric motifs. More recent designs have an embossed or carved effect. These carpets usually have a plain field and a figured border.
Turkey is famous for its little prayer rugs. Some Caucasian carpets also use the prayer pattern. But very few Persian rugs or other rugs from Central Asia adopt the prayer pattern. They have smooth textures. These carpets come for the most part in tribal and geometric patterns.
Carpets made in China do not look like any other oriental carpet. Their designs are different and typical of the region, with dragons, flowers and pastel shades of plant or chrome dyes. In addition, we do not speak of Chinese carpets in terms of knots attached to the hand to the square inch but per linear foot. They are not available in large numbers and can be very expensive.
Oriental rugs have so many patterns and variations that it is almost impossible to list them all. But the fact that two carpets are not similar in all respects makes oriental rugs interesting and well thought out. An authentic oriental rug is a unique piece made by hand that testifies to the work of the weavers. the imagination and tradition of centuries of weaving.