Given the number of people affected by acne, different medications have been developed to treat different types of acne. The acne medications prescribed by the experts can be divided into two types, depending on the severity of the cases that they can effectively treat:
Topical Medicine – The prescribed treatments in this category are those that can be easily applied to your skin. This substance can treat mild and severe cases of acne.
Systemic Drug – This acne solution works by modifying the internal factors of your seizures and erections. It is more potent than a topical medication, but its side effects are more serious. Because of their potency, systemic treatments can help cure many cases of acne.
Topical medications can range from more potent antibiotics to vitamin A derivatives. Here are some typical acne prescription treatments that can easily be applied to the affected area:
Benzoyl Peroxide (BP) – This medication kills bacteria that cause pimples. Used with other drugs, it becomes more effective and does not promote bacterial resistance.
Sodium Sulfacetamide – This drug is helpful in reducing the amount of bacteria. It can also eliminate pore clogging and reduce swelling. Medications based on this element are usually mixed with sulfur, another effective treatment for acne.
Clindamycin – Clindamycin is an artificial antibiotic that helps reduce the number of bacteria and redness / swelling. This treatment is gentle enough for topical application, but some side effects may include irritation or dryness.
Azelaic acid – Naturally present in the skin, this treatment can also reduce the amount of bacteria and reduce swelling and redness. It also raises unnecessary shedding of your skin cells, which could then block the pores.
Erythromycin – This antibiotic can kill a wide variety of bacteria. When used as an acne treatment, it kills the bacteria responsible for pimples and reduces the swelling of the affected area. However, erythromycin could have side effects such as irritation or dryness.
Retinoids – The topical vitamin A derivatives, retinoids, are useful in the treatment of severe cases of acne. These powerful prescription medications work by eliminating pore clogging and inhibiting the growth of comedones (blackheads and whiteheads). Unfortunately, this treatment has serious side effects such as irritation, dryness, burning sensation and abnormalities in the fetus.
For more severe cases of acne, systemic treatments for acne can be prescribed by your dermatologist. Here are some common systemic remedies:
Birth Pills – These medications can help treat hormone-related acne since birthing pills can reduce androgen levels – the hormone responsible for oil production.
Oral Antibacterials – Some topical antibiotics, such as erythromycin, also present in a more potent oral form. Other oral medications for acne include tetracyline and its derivatives. Tetracyline helps reduce inflammation and improve pustules and papules.
Isotretinoin – This oral acne treatment concerns severe cases of cystic acne immunized against other drugs.
Corticosteroid Injections – Corticosteroids can be injected into inflamed nodules and cysts to reduce swelling and to dry or melt pus.
Source by Kat Daez