Jane Austen occupies an ambivalent position in literary history. She is too little of a nineteenth-century writer to call herself "romantic," too much a person of her time to be called classical. Her contemporaries like Wordsworth and Charlotte Bronte found in her works a lack of feeling, passion and imagination. Edward Fitzgerald complains that:
"She never leaves the Salon"
The twentieth century however saw Jane Austen raised by critics of various hues, being one of the best novelists and six novels that she writes, all are considered classics, with at least three of them being counted among the best of English fiction. Of all Jane Austen's novels "PRIDE & PREJUDICE" & is the greatest work. It shows its size, its limits and its aesthetic point of view on the different colors and aspects of human life. The novel brings readers to an abstract idea, the idea of pride in one character and that of harm in another. So, the novel is mainly concerned with ideas. The characters in the novel show different types of humor, various traits of human behavior. Mr. Bennet is a cynic; Lydia a flirt, Mary a pedantic, Darcy a puffed character of pride, Collins a potential vanity, Sir William Lucas a low deaf and so on. "PRIDE & PREJUDICE" is the story of the love of a man and a woman and the man is held back by an indomitable pride and the woman blinded by prejudices. In addition, it's a satire about life in a small village called Longbourn in
South of England. So the novel is important in more ways than one. It's important both historically and critically. Historically, he introduced a new type of fiction. The eighteenth century was an age of picturesque romances with splendid places, tall towers and underpasses. It was the time of stories of terror, horror and mystery. In contrast to these novels, sentimental romances full of tears and sadness have been written. "PRIDE & PREJUDICE" from Austen hit a middle path between the two. This novel was written after "SENSE AND SENSIBILITY" and "NORTHANGER ABBEY". It is therefore a symmetry, a well-knit form and a unified structure. It can be said that it is the first English novel in the true sense of the term. Jane does not follow any of the traditions of her predecessors. She has just started her own fictional tradition, which has been followed by other successive novelists in England. The very first chapter of the novel contains an orchestration note. Various elements have been subordinated to a well-defined model. The chapter begins with the statement:
"It is a universally recognized truth,
that a single man in possession of a good fortune
must be in want of something." wife "
And then follows the conversation between Mr. and Mrs. Bennet. The only concern of Mrs.
Bennet in his life is to marry his daughters. The entire novel is based on the domestic theme. A reader who tries to approach for an action, a fast movement, a drama or a crisis would be disappointed. The characters seem to take the walk of the philosopher. "Trivial action, limited movement" is all we find in the novel.
From where the characters have the air devitalized and anemic, sometimes devoid of flesh and blood. There is no fireworks or dynamics in the story. Jane is a spectator of characters. It puts men and women in a certain environment and continues to study them in detail. She gives alternative readings of her characters, compares them and eventually finds the right method of approaching the human personality. This method was followed in this novel. There are many contemporary elements in the novel. The description of dances, balls and parties is scattered throughout history. The key point in the book is the study of human behavior. Jane looks almost like Shakespeare in this respect. There is an obvious exclusion of death, coincidence or fate. None of the characters dies during the story. Elizabeth, Lydia, Jane, Mary and Catherine, all Bennet sisters are concerned about their personal and domestic problems. None of them is affected by an agony or a physical illness.
Similar to Darcy, Bingley, Collins or William Lucas. In addition, there is a total absence of crowd, or threat of organized society. It's a peaceful atmosphere of country houses and lounges that we find in the novel from beginning to end. Longbourn, Hansford or Pemberley are not in a hurry or excited about it.
"PRIDE & PREJUDICE" was written for the first time in 1797 under the title "First Impressions". It was later revised and published under the title in 1823. In the novel, first impressions play an important role; Elizabeth, the protagonist, is misled in her judgment and the estimation of Darcy and Wickham. Her look and sympathy for the latter, her hostility and her prejudices against Darcy are due to first impressions. But when we study the novel deeply and seriously, we can easily see that the title is more appropriate and appropriate. The novel speaks more about Darcy's "Pride" and Elizabeth's "Prejudice" and the change in attitude in Darcy's and Elizabeth's correction of her first impressions.
Regarding the theme, the focal point of Austen is the marriage and the court. Marriage was an important social concern at the time of Austen and she was fully aware of the disadvantages of staying single. In a letter to fanny knight she wrote:
"Single women have a terrible propensity
To be poor who is a very strong
Argument in favor of marriage"
Charlotte Lucas, an important character from this novel, gives reasons to accept Mr. Collins, says to Elizabeth:
I am not romantic, you know. I have never been,
I only ask for a comfortable house, and considering
Mr. The character of Collins, the connections and the situation
In life, I am convinced that my luck of happiness
With him is right, as most people can boast
Entry into the l & # 39; state of marriage. "
reflects the helplessness of Charlotte, because of her economic inequality, she was forced to accept undesirable pretender like Collins, through that we can take a look into life This age in England, showing miserable situation of women in society dominated by men.The only option for single women of the time of Austen was to take care of children of somebody. one another like Jane Austen herself, as there were no opportunities for women in the industry, commerce, business or education, includes seven marriages, all intended to reveal the requirements of a "good" and "bad" marriage: three couples of Mr. and Mrs. Bennet, Charlotte and Collins, Lydia and Wickham reveal the bad marriages. the importance of good judgment and common sense in determining the future happiness of a couple. uel, the basis of a healthy marriage is lacking in Bennet's marriage. Prudence alone should not dictate, as in the case of charlotte, nor should it be neglected, which Lydia does. Esteem, common sense and mutual affections are the right ingredients for a successful marriage, as indicated by Elizabeth Darcy's marriage. Austen firmly believed that to form good judgment, one had to have good principles and a perception of the nature of others. One must be able to see through affectation, deception and hypocrisy; one must not be a victim of flattery, not be carried away by the opinions of others. Austen's fiction is steeped in irony both in language and in the situation. As Prof. Chevalier remarks that:
"The fundamental trait of all irony is
A contrast between a reality and
Here in this novel we find recurrently irony of the situation, which provides a twist to the story. Darcy remarks about Elizabeth:
"She's not beautiful enough to tempt me"
We savor the ironic flavor of this statement much later when we think about it, that the woman who n & rsquo; Was not pretty enough to dance was really good enough to get married. As for this novel, the irony of the character is even more important than the irony of the situation. It is ironic that Elizabeth, who prides herself on her perception, is completely blinded by her own prejudices and that she is seriously mistaken when she judges complex characters. Wickham seems suave and charming but is ironically an unscrupulous thug. Darcy appears proud and haughty but ironically turns out to be a true gentleman. The Bingley sisters hate the bennets for their vulgarity but are vulgar in their behavior. Darcy also criticizes the Bennet family, but ironically, her aunt Catherine is also vulgar and badly brought up. Thus, the novel abounds in the irony of situations.
Austen was a moralist, a moralist of the eighteenth century; in some ways she was the last and the most beautiful flower of this century. She was born a few years later than Wordsworth, Coleridge and Scott. When she died, Byron was famous and Shelley and Keats had already published. It belongs to the so-called period of romantic awakening or the renewal of the imagination, yet these titles do not suit him. His novels belong essentially to the age of Johnson and Cowper. She is indeed a classic novelist. There is no emotion without restraint or excess of passion as among the romantics. All this is disciplined by reason and intellect. This elegance is as visible in its dialogs as in the structure. But there is little description of nature, Jane Austen unlike Wordsworth and Coleridge who deified nature. Jane Austen's novels are also marked by a total preoccupation of the upper middle class, which can be attributed to the fact that she was the class she knew intimately. A reading of Austen's novels shows that his materials are extremely limited in themselves. His subject is limited to the ways of a small section of the countryside nobility, who apparently have never been worried about death or sex, hunger or war, guilt or of God.
However exclusion and limitations are deliberate. Austen herself has described her work as "Two inches of ivory" this novel as the other novels of Austen has a narrow physical framework. The story revolves around Netherfield Park, Longbourn, Hansford Parsonage, Meryton and Pemberley. There is no reference to nature itself. It's one of the ironies of English literary history that at a time when English romantic writers Wordsworth, Coleridge, Byron, Shelley, Keats and others were discovering the outdoor nature, Austen achieves to keep his characters imprisoned inside. As her sets are the drawing rooms, ballrooms, parks and gardens of a civilized leisure class, she was not to present any crazy, nasty or ghostly characters. The greatest wickedness that disrupts the regularity of Jane Austen's novel is a kidnapping of Wickham with Lydia. The theme of Austen was also limited to love and marriage. In each of the six novels, there are beautiful girls waiting for singles who are really eligible to get married. It was the period of the American Revolutionary War, the French Revolution and the Napoleonic wars. But the characters of Jane Austen are perfectly unaware of these tumultuous events.
In short, we can say that in his limited field, Jane Austen's art is perfect. She manipulates, characters and events, dialogue and intrigue with an exquisite and masterful touch, fusing all the elements of the novel into one, weaving and intertwining so well, that no strand can be separated. On her "Two inches of ivory" Jane sculpts with a miniature delicacy to present a refined and polished work of art.