Acne is a disorder that has been rife for a long time and probably will not go away soon, despite all the efforts of adolescents. The causes of this phenomenon are uncertain, but researchers have shown that it resulted from the combination of several factors.
The first factor is the androgen hormone. Androgen is a male sex hormone that increases the size of the sebaceous glands and increases their sebum production. During puberty, men and women can expect a noticeable increase in their androgen levels, which is one of the reasons why acne is so important in adolescents.
Genetics is another factor that contributes greatly to the development of acne. It seems clear that there is a close connection between the presence of acne in a child and the fact that his parents suffer from acne or not.
In women, the stage of the menstrual cycle can have a dramatic effect on the severity of acne. Between two days and a week before the start of their period, women experience a rapid change in their hormone levels. It is clear that hormone levels are important because other factors that attempt to alter or alter the hormonal balance tend to have similar effects on acne. Stopping contraceptive treatment is one example, and the ultimate hormone mixer – pregnancy – is another.
We have always suspected stress as the cause of acne. In case of severe or prolonged emotional stress or tension, acne is likely to be more serious. This can have a circular effect, especially in teenagers. Teens are stressed, usually because of a social situation. Their acne worsens, making the social situation more difficult, which aggravates the stress. It is very difficult for some teenagers to get out of this downward spiral.
It is known that some drugs cause acne. Androgens have already been mentioned, but they are sometimes used in medicine and have a clear effect on acne. Barbiturates and lithium are other drugs that affect acne. Certain preparations have been shown to increase the risk of acne, especially oily cosmetic products that can alter the cell structure of follicles.
Some minor environmental irritants can increase the severity of acne. These include polluted air and high humidity. Air pollution is a major factor that can affect health in general. Therefore, its effects on acne are probably not direct, but result from a general deterioration of health.