Santa Claus comes to us with several names. For some, he is known as Saint Nicholas, and for others, Santa Claus or simply Santa Claus. While people exchange Santa and Santa from a historical perspective, they are two different people.
It was St. Nicholas of Myra, who lived in the 4th century in what is today modern Turkey, which gave birth to modern Santa Claus. As a bishop, he has developed a reputation for giving secret gifts.
In Western tradition, the day of the gift is December 25 while in Eastern tradition, the day of the gift is New Year's Day.
Most of us see Santa Claus as a kind of friendly and paunchy character who rises from house to house, across the sky, on a sleigh filled with reindeer. It is possible that the tradition of ridding the sky comes from a Germanic tradition where we see the god Wodam riding a horse flying in the sky. The horse has eight legs, the same number of reindeer that Santa uses!
While Santa is portrayed as a happy man distributing presents to describe children, he is also used to keep children in check. Traditionally Irish children, and many of their European and American counterparts, hang a stocking for their gifts but they are told that if they are not good throughout the year, they will receive a piece charcoal instead of a decent gift.
In most traditions, food or drink is left to help him on his journey. In Ireland, it is traditionally a bottle of Guinness, America's biscuits and a glass of milk, in England it receives pies and sherry. So it's no wonder he's perceived as a happy pot-bellied character!
How then did St. Nicholas transform a bishop into a cheerful old man with red cheeks? The transformation did not happen all at once but over a period of time and goes back before the American Revolution when the Dutch controlled what is now New York. When the Dutch arrived in America, they took with them the legend of St. Nicholas, at this point he was still dressing as a bishop.
In Washington Irving History of New York, Sinterklaas was Americanized to "Santa Claus" but lost the clothing of his bishop, and was first described as a Dutch seaman thick-bellied with a pipe in a green winter coat. The Irving book was a pamphlet of the Dutch culture of New York, and much of this portrait is his joke invention.
Santa's robes changed over the years until in 1885 the modern costume was born. At that time, his horse was converted into reindeer and sled, his slaves into elves and the date was advanced to coincide with Christmas.
For those who were interested, the eight reindeer of Santa Claus received their name in Clement Clarke Moore's popular poem the night before Christmas. & # 39;