Human beings need different things to live in this world. However, nothing in this world is available for free. Everything has a price and you have to pay the right price to satisfy the needs. However, we value things based on our needs and needs depend on our value system.
First, there are basic necessities like food, water, air, shelter and clothing without which the survival of the body is not possible. However, once these necessities are met, the man travels to meet his higher needs like social needs, security needs or the need for self-actualization.
However, each person does not follow the same path as his path. inherent values of the person. These inherent values are acquired by man by virtue of his nature and also by his education. The effect of family, society, nation and individual makes each person unique as he develops a unique set of values. These values determine the person's priority and lifestyle. Values make the personality of the person and determine the growth of the individual, family, society, nation and humanity.
1. Individualistic Values
The most inherent value of a person is individualistic, which means that it values itself relative to anything else in the world. It is also the most natural value inherent to every animal in the world. Animals live for themselves without worrying too much about other animals. The only exception would be the mother-animal caring for her child-child until the child grows up enough to support herself.
The modern world is increasingly moving towards individualistic values where the individual's interest is considered the most "right" and should be protected on everything else. The individualistic value supports freedom because it believes that every person has the right to decide what is good for him.
Every child starts with individualistic values and wants everything for himself in the world and wants everyone to serve him. When the need of the child is not satisfied, he cries and does everything to satisfy the need.
2. Family Values
The human species may be the most powerful species of the earth but it is also true that the human species is also the most The weakest species. A human child does not even learn to walk for a year. If the child's man is allowed to survive, he simply can not survive. The support of the family is essential for the growth of every human child. It is for this reason that the human species has invented, throughout the year, the concept of family who lives as a unit and supports a newborn up to that point. 39, it becomes strong enough to support itself
. value where a family is considered the basic unit of society instead of the individual. The family has the right and the power to control the other family member. In a family system, family members divide their work so that all members perform complementary functions rather than performing the same functions. For example, the father makes a living and protects the family by being the strongest member of the family. The mother takes care of the family by cooking, cleaning the house and raising the children. For their part, children get these benefits for free from their parents, but they have the family obligation to provide the same benefits to their children. Thus, the family ensures the continuity of the value and tradition of the family
In the family system, the interest of each member of the family is protected by an unwritten law since the love and trust alone governs the management of the family. Parents do not seek any personal benefit when they give something to their children. Children also recognize the contributions parents make in building their lives and not only provide the same benefits to their own children, but also take care of their parents as they age.
The entire system of family value is maintained by tradition and trust.
However, when family values are strong, it entails the reduction of individual freedom and the decline of individual values. Each person must think of the family first and the self as secondary. This often kills the creativity of the man because he is never free to think as an individual.
3. Professional Values
A society is made not only of families who are natural but also of origins artificially created to meet a specific requirement of society. The government is one of the most important organizations that have been created to put order in society. The government is divided into different departments such as police, revenue, defense, etc. that are necessary to maintain the unity of the country and protect it from external aggression. There are many other organizations that are run by private individuals or organizations that produce goods and provide services to people of the nation and the world.
Every person must join an origin to make a living and contribute to society. These organizations are designed to serve a specialized function of society and therefore need a set of values to keep all members of the organization motivated and united.
Thus, man develops a set of values because of his profession. The values of a police officer are different from the values of a judge or politician. Each profession has its own set of values that often contradict the values of another profession. Yet these values are necessary for professionals to remain united and deliver what we expect from them.
4. National Values
Today's world is divided into a number of countries and each country is sovereign and independent. However, in recent years, countries have begun to behave as members of their family, as independence is gradually being replaced by interdependence in globalized economies. If China is becoming the manufacturing center of the world, India has become the outsourcing and outsourcing center of the world from where the different services are provided to the world. The Arab world produces oil for the world and the United States has taken the leading role in creating knowledge and technology for the world's information. Each country gradually becomes specialized in a specific task and satisfies the other requirements of other countries of the world
Thus, just as individuals and families must compete and complement each other for their survival in a society. Each nation must compete with and complement the other countries of the world. To strengthen the nation, certain types of values must be cultivated among citizens, which means that the country is not made up of millions or billions of individuals or families but as a family.
By virtue of independence, each country develops some of the values that continue to evolve over time. The values of a nation represent its tradition, its history and the experiences of its people since its inception. The values of India and China date back thousands of years, while the values of newly created states like the United States, Israel, Australia, and Pakistan are relatively new.
National values are often codified in their laws. and justice to all its citizens. There is a great diversity in these laws because the requirements of each country are different. The violation of national values is treated as a crime punished by the state. Thus, countries with strong national values apply their laws very severely because they keep the country's interest on the interest of the individual.
5. Moral Values
While the legal values of a country or a society are documented and enforced, they are insufficient for the proper functioning of the corporation. ;State. The ideal state is one where the state does not have to enforce any law, citizens voluntarily obeying the country's laws. However, this rarely happens since all state laws are written by people who are in power or those who have influence over powerful people. These powerful people ensure that the laws are written in favor of the few rather than in favor of the masses. Thus, over time, law enforcement creates a class of extremely powerful and wealthy people while the majority population lives the life of misfortune and poverty.
However, the disparity and injustice created by the law are greatly reduced. the prevalence of moral values in society that do not need to be codified in the statutes. Yet moral values are handed down from one generation to the next by tradition. For example, the sanctity of the institution of marriage in India has kept the divorce rate to a minimum despite the provision of divorce in law books as any other Western country. Moral laws are applied jointly by society. As any man desires to be loved and respected by society, moral values are often more powerful to keep man on track than law enforcement.
6. Spiritual Values
All values adopted by men create exclusivity in human beings, because these values are different for each society and for each man. Values are therefore the source of conflict in the world, because each person or nation firmly believes in its values as just. Yet all these values are non-permanent and transient, which changes with time and space. The values of the current generation are not the same as those of the previous generation.
Yet, there is one ingredient in all values that never changes. He remained the same in many years of human evolution. These values are eternal because they never change. Therefore, people often call these spiritual or divine values as they never die and their origin also is not known.
These are the spiritual values.
Spiritual values are often attributed to God and called divine. Spiritual values include love, compassion, justice, truth, etc. It is the nature of man to imbibe these values regardless of his religion, race, culture or nationality. These values are so universal that all human beings seem to understand it without being taught.
Spiritual values unite all human beings on this world. It is because of these spiritual values that we want justice and can not see the injustice in this world. Feelings of love and compassion cross all the barriers of religion, race and nationalities. Spiritual values can not be eliminated from man and they are universal
The Conflict of Values
Nobody can have a single set of values and all human beings are governed by the combination of all values. However, the dominant value in each person is different because of birth in a particular family, culture, religion or nationality. Values also change with the age of the person as the same person goes from the individual to the family man. When a person grows up and makes a living, he has to work in a profession where his professional values are developed. National values are also embedded in the person because of the shared value shared by citizens. However, as men grow, they tend to become spiritual and develop spiritual values. Thus, the six values always prevail in every society that keeps society moving and united.