Weatherstripping and caulking windows
Air leakage is the leading cause of energy loss in winter. Keep your home airtight to make sure the heating systems are working effectively.
Check that all doors and windows close tightly. Put your hand around the seam and feel for the currents of air. If you feel a draft around a door, check the weather stripping and replace it if necessary. Add more weatherstrip if there are air gaps. Visually inspect the caulking around the windows and replace it if it is cracked or there are gaps. Use a putty knife to remove old caulking.
Roof and Gutters
The roof and gutters should have already been cleaned in the fall. During the winter, it's more of an effort to keep them that way. Any water stuck on the roof or in the gutters during the winter will create a barrage of ice. The pooling of water behind these ice dams can slip under the shingles and cause problems.
How do you prevent the ice dam? First, make sure the gutters stay clean. They should have already been cleaned in the fall, but it is important to make sure that they remain free of debris. Second, make sure your attic is properly insulated. The warm air that transfers heat to the roof through the attic can melt the snow. If there is a hot day in winter, it is better to clear the roof. Not an easy task.
Oven and Air Filters
The oven must be in good working order during the cold months. Once a year, clean the fan and lubricate the motor as described in the appliance manual. Call a professional if you are not sure.
Air filters help keep the device clean. Check them once a month and replace them as needed. Make sure to install the replacements properly. The small arrows on the side of the filters indicated the direction of the airflow. Also check if fiberglass or pleated air filters are recommended. This usually depends on the air capacity of the oven in your home.
Fireplace and Fireplace
Fireplaces can be a great tool and even help you save money. Before using it, consult the following checklist.
Inspect the front and coat for signs of smoke. This usually indicates poor ventilation. Look inside the fireplace for any blockage (eg a bird's nest). Check the brick and mortar for cracks or damage. Call a professional to help you fix one of the problems. If the fireplace is on wood, it must be cleaned every year to avoid a chimney fire.
If the protector you use is glass, use vinegar and water to clean the smoke stains. This combo is a cheap way to keep the glass in good condition.