Tattoos are popular and colorful ways to express our creativity, our experiences and our personality. For many people, tattoos carry a symbolic meaning or have personal memories behind them. As more celebrities are seen with tattoos, permanent or temporary henna, they become an increasingly popular fashion accessory. However, under the spur of the moment, many people forget that the appropriate tattoos are permanent and they are extremely serious because they can cause fatal problems.
Currently, tattooing is not allowed or regulated, but artists must register the Environmental Health Department. This is vital that you check beforehand with your local council if your tattoo artist is registered because local authorities should have registration and inspection systems in place. A health and safety certificate should be posted or with the operator, so ask to see one before getting your tattoo done.
Health and safety standards state that:
- Sterile needles must be used for each client
- Hands must be thoroughly washed before and after tattooing
- Disposable latex gloves must be worn and a new pair must be worn for each client. (Some people may have allergic reactions to latex gloves, so you can take an antihistamine before doing so, or if you are aware that you have this allergy, you should inform the artist in advance who should use another glove.)
It is illegal to tattoo someone under 18 years old.
The artist should ask you a list of medical questions before making the tattoo to verify that you have good. For example, people with hemophilia should not have tattoos because their blood does not clot properly and so they can not stop the bleeding that can occur during a tattoo. Pregnant women are advised against tattoos, such as diabetics, people with heart disease, people with diseases that weaken the immune system and people on aspirin or aspirin because they thin the blood and bleed more
and therefore good hygiene is imperative. When you have a tattoo, the ink is injected into the dermis or the lower layer of your skin that does not flake off, which makes it permanent. The machine used can pierce the skin up to 3000 times per minute by digging holes as deep as 1/16 inch or 1.5 mm
One of the biggest problems associated with tattoos is blood-borne infections such as:
Hepatitis B and C . Hepatitis affects the liver causing inflammation. Hepatitis B is a DNA virus and it can be acute (self-limiting) or chronic (long-standing). The symptoms of acute hepatitis B are:
- Loss of appetite
- Mild fever
- Dark urine
- Development of jaundice
It usually lasts a few weeks and it gradually improves in most cases. case. Chronic hepatitis C is often asymptomatic and may result in advanced scarring of the liver (cirrhosis) and liver cancer.
Hepatitis C is a blood-borne infection that is often asymptomatic. It causes inflammation of the liver that can lead to scarring of the liver (fibrosis) or advanced scarring of the liver (cirrhosis) which, in turn, can lead to liver failure and cancer. It is transmitted by blood in contact with blood and for the moment no vaccine is available. Early medical intervention is beneficial, but many people experience only mild symptoms and therefore do not require treatment until they develop more serious problems. Some symptoms may include:
- Decrease in appetite
- Abdominal pain
- Flu symptoms.
HIV . The human immunodeficiency virus can lead to AIDS; Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome. It is transmitted by bodily fluids and infects the white blood cells that are part of the body's immune system, weakening it so that you can not fight other opportunistic diseases leading to AIDS.
Tetanus . This infection causes muscle stiffness and spasms, usually starting with the jaw muscles, making it difficult to swallow or open the mouth. Other common places for muscle spasms are the neck, chest making it difficult to breathe, the wall of the stomach and arms and legs. Other symptoms are:
- extreme sensitivity to touch,
- high fever,
- sore throat,
- increased heart rate,
- difficulty breathing,
- bleeding in the intestines , and
Tetanus can result in choking, blood poisoning, cardiac arrest, kidney failure and exhaustion, all of which can be fatal.
Septicemia . A bacterial infection commonly known as blood poisoning. Symptoms include:
- High Fever
- Strong Chills
- Hands and Feet Cold and Pale
- Rapid and Superficial Breathing
- Loss of Consciousness
]] Other problems include:
- Chronic Skin Disorders
- Lichenoids, which are small bumps of reactive tissue, similar but more accentuated to those seen in chronic eczema.
- Sarcoidal granulomas, which are collections of immune cells resembling marbles beneath the surface of the skin.
- Infections leading to tattoo discoloration
- Swelling (due to allergic reaction)
- Ulceration, which is the formation of wounds.
- Delayed hypersensitivity reaction. This occurs several years after tattooing and causes itching, flaking, redness and sudden swelling.
- Lymphocytoma, which is a mass of mature white cells that look like a tumor; it's a skin reaction.
- Keloids are raised scars that are not easily removed.
- Photosensitivity occurs when the sun reacts with the dye causing an allergic reaction.
- Photo toxicity occurs when the sun reacts with the dye causing a localized sunburn.
According to research conducted by Dr. Bob Haley and Dr. Paul Fischer of the University of Texas, the tattoos of the Southwestern Medical School represent " more than twice as many infections with "hepatitis C" tattooed in a salon are "nine times more likely to be infected with hepatitis C because of infected needles and unsanitary conditions ". In America, you do not have the right to give blood to the American Red Cross for a year after being tattooed because of the high risk of blood-borne infections.
Besides the risk of blood-borne infections, the ink itself risks. Until recently, the ink used in tattoos was not monitored and many artists were using inks that were not approved for skin contact. Some inks are actually "industrial" colors that can be used in printers or automotive paint! Many people may have allergic reactions to the most common ink being mercury in red inks, but others include manganese in purple inks, chromium in greens, cobalt in blues and cadmium in the yellows. Irreversible darkening may occur in flesh-colored, red, beige and white inks that are used in cosmetic processes and that would be caused by the conversion of ferric oxide (Fe2O3) to ferrous oxide (FeO ).
If you have a magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) exam, you may feel a burning pain. This is because magnetic metals convert the radio frequency pulses of the MRI machine into electricity and the burning could be electricity going through the tattoo. Because of this, some hospitals will not do MRIs on people who have tattoos. MRI takes very detailed pictures of almost every body tissue and is especially useful for seeing the areas around the spine and the brain. This is the best technique for finding tumors in the brain and if the tumors have spread to neighboring brain cells and therefore extremely important and useful.
Currently, lasers are used to try to remove tattoos or at least discolor them. expensive and painful as it is to burn the skin that causes scars. However, a new removable dye has just come out that is made of plastic beads containing the dye or pigment that is approved by the Food and Drug Administration. As the dye is contained in plastic beads, it can not be absorbed by the body, however, when a laser hits the bead, it breaks down and the dye is absorbed.
Tattoo artists are bound by the supply of goods and services Act of 1982 as they provide you with a service. Therefore, they must provide this service with "reasonable skill and care" and are responsible for "indirect losses" if the tattoo goes wrong and you have to pay for corrections or removal. It is best to contact a licensed tattoo artist only because he is more likely to have protection and good insurance cover in case of any problem.
If you have suffered from blood-borne infections, allergic reactions or other medical problems due to the negligence of your tattooist; or if your tattoo does not resemble your design or descriptions, you may be entitled to compensation for any tattoo treatment or additional medical treatment necessary to remedy the damage, and for any discomfort or discomfort you may have experienced during your treatment. convalescence. It is advisable to take pictures of your tattoo as proof of any damage or improper detail and, if possible, images of the grounds that have been planned or approved for comparison purposes.