India is a land rich in culture and heritage. And what better feature of the country could portray that than Indian dance forms. Traditional dances of India have different styles. This is because dance forms belong to various parts of the country – they are born and developed with all cultural elements.
There are a large number of folk dances that belong to different parts of the country and are mainly performed by the inhabitants of this region only. Indian film dances are also an important part of the country's culture.
Origin of Indian Dance Forms
The dance forms of India have their origin since the ancient Vedic period when people indulged in singing and dancing to entertainment and leisure purposes. The Vedas hold an elaborate statement of the performing arts. The Hindu text Natya Shastra includes all the early compilations of ancient dance forms.
From these ancient dance forms were derived the classical dances of India. Let us have a glimpse of the country's folk dances.
Originally from 1000 BC AD, the Bharatanatyam dance belongs to Tamil Nadu in South India. This is mainly done on carnatic music. Previously, dance was practiced only in Hindu temples and in other religious places. Bharatanatyam was a form of solo dance performed solely by women and represents religious ideas and spiritual themes. During the British era, this form of dance was suppressed and ridiculed. However, it has become one of the most famous traditional dances of India.
This is the most stylized dance form (essentially a dance drama) that belongs to Kerala. Kathakali is a form of 17th century dance that is played as a piece of history and has very colorful and elaborate costumes, makeup, as well as facial masks. Unlike other forms of Indian dance, Kathakali is mainly performed by men. It was also traditionally played in temples and religious chambers. The dance moves are incorporated from the ancient athletic traditions and martial arts of South India.
This form of dance belongs to North India, and the name Kathak & # 39; was taken from Sanskrit work & # 39; katha & # 39; which means "history". Here, Kathak is the one who tells the story & # 39; It consists of majorly passionate and childhood stories of Lord Krishna. Kathak has three different forms that belong to, and are also named after three cities of North India – Lucknow, Banaras and Jaipur. Ghungroo (small bells) is the main element and involves rhythmic movements of the body with facial expressions.
Kuchipudi is a dance form of Andhra Pradesh. Like other great classical Indian dances, Kuchipudi also has its roots and has developed as an art of religious spectacle. According to the story, this dance was originally interpreted by Brahman males, but now men and women perform this dance. This is a form of pure dance that includes expressions and sign languages.
This dance belongs to Odisha, the coastal state of eastern India. Odissi is a dance-drama performance art traditionally practiced by women to express spiritual themes and religious ideas. The dance is accompanied by musicians, in which they tell mythical stories, and the dancers perform thematic costumes with rhythmic movements, facial expressions and gestures.
As its name indicates, this form of dance comes from the state of Manipur, in northeastern India. This form of dance is inspired by Raslila of Radha-Krishna and represents such dances inspired by love. Manipuri is performed in a group and has a very unique and special costume called Kumil, which is a beautifully decorated barrel-shaped skirt. It is a very graceful dance that involves mainly upper body movements.
This form of Kerala dance takes its name from the seductive avatar of the Hindu god Vishnu, Mohini, who drew evil demons to help keep hope on evil. Mohiniyattam is a Lasya-style dance that is feminine in nature and companies exhaust body movements. It's a solo performance of slow dance by women.
So, these are the famous traditional dances of India and a bit of history about their origins. Other than that, there are also other tribal and folk dances that mark the importance of Indian culture.