You are looking at your asphalt driveway and it seems to be in poor condition. What should you do? Will some repair work do the trick? Does the entrance have to be redone, or does everything have to be ripped out and redone?
Perhaps the best thing to do is to consult some asphalt paving contractors to get their opinions and quotes (often free). This article can give you a general idea of what is happening, what to look for in a asphalt contractor and what to include in your contract.
Maintenance is a good medicine, but not foolproof  Asphalt driveways do not stay smooth and black forever. You can take steps to maintain your driveway by sealing and protecting it, but often the effects of heat, ultraviolet light and substances such as salt, oil, gas and grease take their toll . And if these do not reach you, then cracking and water penetration will eventually do it.
Your driveway may be corroded, worn or cracked, which may warrant resurfacing if the condition is serious enough. As a general rule, if repairs are needed on more than 25% of the surface, it is more cost effective to do hot asphalt resurfacing work all the way down the aisle.
Say no to cracks!
Asphalt pavement is hard and brittle and, as a result, cracks will develop over time. In colder climates, freeze and thaw cycles can be very destructive, and can wreak havoc on your pathway if water gets into cracks, then grows as it turns into ice. And even in warmer climates, the penetration of water can cause serious damage. The larger the crack, the more serious the problem and the sooner you have to fix it. Cracks left unrepaired will result in severe deterioration of the pavement and even basecoats, which will require complete replacement of the driveway – sooner or later in colder climates.
Can it be repaired or do you need a new driveway?
Whether you need to pull out your existing driveway and install a new one, or if you can get away with resurfacing – or even a bit of patchwork and crack filling – largely depends on the state of the base layers , or foundation. However, if the cracks cover 3/4 of the driveway, the surface is too far to be repaired. The root of the problems may come from below, and a complete review should be considered.
If your entry has been redone several times with hot asphalt and deteriorates prematurely, it's probably a problem with the foundation, and you should consider installing a brand new driveway . Similarly, if there are areas that have depressions or mounds, they must be completely rebuilt from the ground up.
Various Factors May Cause Premature Wear
Although a properly installed asphalt driveway may last 15 to 20 years, or even 25 years if properly installed . maintained, extreme weather conditions, extra-heavy loads and shortcuts taken during construction can all cause premature wear and failure.
Beware of "contracting" scams
your doorbell and claims to have "leftover materials" from another job, and if you accept the job "right now" you will get an incredible discount. If this happens to you, call the police. It's a scam. Renowned contractors calculate very carefully the materials they need, and any small remaining amount of work will never be enough to fill a new job. If these crooks do any work before leaving with your money, it will certainly be of poor quality.
Tips for hiring an asphalt paving contractor
It is best to deal with a lot of reputable paving contractors belong also to trade associations, such as the National Asphalt Pavement Association (NAPA), the National Pavement Contractors Association (NPCA), or various state associations.
When you hire a contractor to resurface or install a new asphalt driveway, always get a list of references and check them out Ask for references about the quality of the contractor's work, his attention to detail and if the work was done on time. going to inspect previous work
What to include in the contract
Once you have chosen a asphalt contractor, consider these points when you are going to work. Establishment of a contract:
Clarify who For storage doors or other doors, if necessary, because of the high levels of the roadway.
Who will raise water faucets or sewers to meet the asphalt around them – you, a plumber or someone else? Who pays?
Specify that the surface should be graduated to ensure adequate drainage.
For new installations, specify that the sub-slope will be compacted before the basecoat application.
Specify the number of layers included the work, a description of the materials that will be used for each layer (sub-base, base and asphalt), and the thickness of each layer when it is compacted. Two separate layers, or elevators, of asphalt are preferred, totaling at least 3 and preferably 4 inches. The base and base should be at least 6 inches each, made of limestone rocks 3 to 4 inches in diameter and 2 to 3 inches in diameter, respectively.
Include payment schedule and a finished product warranty.
Determine if a building permit is required and specify that it is the responsibility of the contractor to obtain one on your behalf, if necessary.