The United States has more tornadoes than any other region of the globe. We receive them in the spring, when the weather changes in the fall, when the storm strikes in the summer and as a byproduct of hurricanes. Although the Midwest is known as "tornado alley", there is really no place in the country that is immune. Add to that the fact that hurricanes and severe thunderstorms can produce directional winds almost as destructive as a tornado vortex, and it's easy to see that we need additional preparatory information beyond- beyond the "duck and the blanket".
We are going to cover the six main areas of tornado preparation that will help you before, during and after a tornado or a big storm. Appropriately, we will use the acronym THUNDERSTORMS :
S helter – Strengthen your home and know where to find adequate shelter.
T ime – Increase your chances of getting early warning.
O thers – Safety and protection involve the whole family and communicate with others.
R Sources – You will need everything from immediate supply to good insurance.
M ed. – Now help save the wounded later.
S Weeping Top – Tips and Tricks for Dealing with the Consequences.
Severe storms accompanied by driving rain, hail, and projectiles from strong winds offer extreme dangers that must be protected. The best protection would be a reinforced concrete steel security room located in the basement of a structurally sound building. Otherwise, let's look at some things you should do now :
- Strengthen your house. There are simple things we can do to significantly strengthen our homes. Check with your local home supply store representative about brackets, straps and installation techniques to make your roof, walls and foundation connection stronger. In addition, do an Internet search for "hurricane retrofit" (including quotes) to find additional instructions.
- Create a safe or zone in your home. The general rule is to choose an area near the center of your house and underground if possible or at least on the lowest floor. Consider these points:
– Turn your walk-in into a safe place. Remove plasterboard from walls and ceiling, add additional wall studs held in place with screws, straps and brackets, then replace plasterboard with one or two layers of marine plywood held in place with structural glue and screws. paint the walls and you will never know that it has been refitted. (We have plans and diagrams in our preparation manual.)
– If you live in a mobile home, your best bet for safety would be a storm cellar. A simple and reliable way to make a storm cellar is to have a new clean unit installed in your yard by a septic tank company, but to leave one foot off the ground. You can build a solid cover and use it as an outdoor deck, or as the base of a storage shed.
– Some sites may put you off for building a safe. Check with your tax assessor, county extension office, insurance provider, insurance commissioner or local emergency management office.
- Learn the "security points". When a tornado hits, you could be at home, but it is more likely that you are at work, shopping or traveling. Learn to recognize all the places that will provide protection. Is the building in which you are sheltering? For example, at the Denver Airport, the toilets are designated tornado shelters. Does the building have a basement? Are you on the road? How far are you from a known safe building, or from a deep moat?
T ime In case of emergency, our most important asset is time. The two best ways to save extra time in emergency situations are to get ready now, and get a warning as soon as possible as bad weather is heading towards you. If you wait for the sirens to alert your community, you have waited too long.
- Buy a weather alert radio. Not only do they warn you of bad weather, but the system is now connected to the usual EAS system to warn you of other emergencies.
- Sign up for another alert service, such as "Notify" from Weather Channel, available on its website. Hint: When you receive the warning, take action! Do not do stupid things like filming the tornado.
- Learn the indicators of severe weather. The Weather Channel and others such as the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), have educational information that will teach you to spot extreme weather conditions. Some "symptoms" may include:
– A large, anvil-shaped anvil cloud or a thick blanket of very dark clouds with a consistency of pea soup. – Hail or, in some cases, unusual snow.
– Green lighting (lighting flashes behind heavily laden clouds of water).
– A sudden change in humidity, wind direction or wind speed, volume of rain or direction of rain.
– A sudden change in air pressure (your ears may burst).
- Network with others. Sometimes our friends and colleagues are our best early warning system. Develop a phone tree or at least a general agreement between friends and relatives as you warn yourself about the dangers in the area.
O THERS There are two series of "others" that you could face at the same time as a violent storm. One is your family and the other is the first responders. Communicate with your family both now – to prepare for a tornado – and later in the case of a tornado watch or a warning is given. You may also need to contact first responders if you experience injury or some type of property damage that requires formal assistance. Consider:
- Tornado drills. Emergency reactions are worth practicing. Ask your family to enter the security room and in a safe position ("duck and blanket") within 30 seconds or less.
- Protect your pets. In case of bad weather, gather your pets, put them on a leash or in baby carriers and take them to your safety zone. If your home is damaged by the storm, your animals are more protected and easier to maintain afterwards. Tip: You can train your pets at the head of the security room to order. Your veterinarian can give you some training tips.
- Communication and signage can be of vital importance if your home is damaged and / or if someone suffers injuries during a tornado. For example, although not everyone can be hurt, you can be stuck in the debris that was once your home and need someone to dig you up. In addition to your cell phone and cell phone, you have backup options such as a portable two-way radio and something that can produce a loud noise, such as a horn. Also, make sure your neighbors know that you have a safe in the house, or a storm cellar in your yard. They can tell permissions where to look if nobody has heard from you.
R esources In case of disaster, you will need goods, equipment or services to help you cope with Event and then recover afterwards. Make sure you have covered each of the following areas:
- Make sure your insurance policy covers all types of natural disasters, including water damage caused by rain or floods. In addition, make sure your policy covers temporary accommodation costs and total replacement value for your property and property.
- Keep your isolation and evacuation supplies together in a protected place where you can access them immediately, or where they will be protected if your house is damaged during your absence.
- Make a list of services you may need after a tornado, such as cleaning and repair services or temporary accommodation. Browse through your phone book to find services like tree trimming and debris, structural repairs, automated repairs, lodging, etc. Write down your contact information and keep it with your emergency kits so that you can call these services immediately after a disaster. get your name on their lists.
M edical We recruit all the above tips to protect you in the event of a tornado. However, we know that things are happening and that people are getting hurt. Cover the following, just in case:
- First aid training is important for every family, no matter the threat, so learn the basics of general first aid and CPR. Then speak with your doctor about first aid measures for specific ailments. For example, if a member of your family has asthma and that he has a seizure, what can you do to take care of it if you can not immediately access his inhaler or his meds?
- First aid kits are essential and families should have more than one kit. The main kit should be kept at home, but smaller kits should be kept in each vehicle and at your workplace.
- Copies of medical information must be kept at home. After a devastating event, there is no guarantee that your family doctor will be available or that the computers in the hospital will be functional. In the event of an injury, physicians will need to know the general medical history of the injured. Keep a list of diseases, conditions, special medical needs and current medications for each family member (including pets). Remember, even if you are the head of household and you know all this information, you could be hurt and unable to communicate.
S Weeping Top All destructive events have at least one thing in common; they will create a whole mess. Here are some tips to help you stay safe while cleaning:
- Although you think the power is completely off, stay away from fallen power lines.
- Stay alert to the whistling of a broken gas line or the smell of gas.
- Dress for the weather, but always dress to protect. Wear sturdy shoes or boots (and watch for boards with nails), hat and sunscreen, insect repellent and heavy work gloves. Hospitals will be too full of major injuries to deal with the minor injuries you could have avoided.
- Physical work after a stressful event can be very stressful. Drink lots of fluids, eat regularly and take periodic breaks.
- Here is where you needed your list of professional cleaning services. Call as soon as possible.
- In the case of total destruction, your property itself will be a pile of waste. Therefore, use your main bin as a receptacle for the items you want to recover. Label it accordingly so that no one throws its contents. Tip: Take pictures or videos of any damage for insurance purposes.
- It is possible that your precious possessions are scattered in the neighborhood. It will be easier to have things returned if your name is written or engraved on them. If you do not want to use your name, use a unique identifier, such as the first phone number you remember since childhood. Tip: Never use your social security number.
Although this article is longer than average, it is still impossible for us to give you all the tips and tricks that will help you stay safe in case of emergency and you help recover afterwards. Do what you can with the information presented and continue your education by yourself. The steps you take to protect yourself against tornadoes will help protect you and yours during a number of other disaster preparedness scenarios. Stay safe!