Among the wide range of occasional chairs available today, the chair has perhaps the most durable pedigree. Few people looking for furniture for their home today realize that the wing chair has a history extending over hundreds of years.
The fin chair is a chair, which is usually fully upholstered, with wings rising from the arm and joining the back at an angle of 90 degrees or more. The original purpose of the wings was supposed to be to prevent air currents in the old houses from reaching the upper body or protecting the delicate skin of the mired ladies from the heat of one's body. roaring fire in the hearth.
The most popular forms of furniture, the wing chair, also known as an armchair or armchair, are easily recognized by its pair of projecting wings, its considerable depth, its dramatic presence and its padded frame. The first wing chair appeared in the late 1600s, but it was not until after 1720 that its popularity became widespread.
Squadron chairs are sometimes called chairs by the fireside, and for good reason. Their design is perfect for enjoying the warmth of a fire while your back and sides are protected from cold air currents.
However, these chairs are not the first furniture to use this approach to stay comfortably warm. Wings have also been used on some of the high-backwood stands found in English mansions and pubs / inns. Usually these colonies were bare wooden benches, but sometimes long cushions were added for comfort, long before the new type of upholstered chair brought an extra level of comfort at the end of the 17th century
. Like other furniture of Queen Anne in the early 1700s, they often had cabriole legs and curved lines that distinguished them from earlier styles. The famous cabinetmakers of the time, like Chippendale in London, designed elegant frames to decorate the furniture. If you want a real antique, remember that the "Queen Anne style" is just a style and not a guarantee that a chair is 300 years old.
The fabrics used were not necessarily sober or subtle. Luminous patterns have been observed in the colonial and Georgian lounges. Restorers of 18th century antiques often prefer plain colored fabrics, but this is not necessary for authenticity. Leather upholstery is also a good option.
If you look at old French wing chairs, or more recent chairs echoing the Louis XIV or Louis XV period, you can see a lower seat in the shepherdess style. Similarly, in 18th century England, Hepplewhite tried to lower the seat of his creations. He called the wings saddle-cheek, knowing perhaps that they were called cheeks, not wings, in France. The ears are their other name, used in parts of Europe, and remembers the ancient English name lug-chair. (The pods are slang for the ears.)
American wing chairs, also called armchairs, were often thought of as bedroom furniture suitable for all those who were frail or tired, sitting quietly in their homes. bedroom. Old and modern wing chairs can be associated with older people; a high-backed seat and backrest with built-in anti-fog protection provide adequate comfort and remind us that another name for this piece of furniture is a grandfather chair.
In Britain, the wing chairs remained in the living room or living room. Victorian writers describing idealized scenes of family life around an inflamed home often mentioned a fireplace chair. The 19th century chairs were often more generously padded than the front wings, often topped with a very firm horsehair stuffing.
Contemporary designers are now producing all kinds of armchair shapes and sizes, yet the Queen Anne shape has enduring popularity. Although the functional needs of the wing declined as houses moved away from open fires to central heating, the design motif remained popular. And not only in traditional furniture models. Even with modernist furniture design in the 1950s and 1960s, new models of chairs using new materials (eg, 1951 Grant Featherstone drawings, Edward Wormley drawing for Dunbar in the 1950s). reinvented the wing.
Today modern homes have changed their layout and function considerably and one will find occasional chairs in almost any room, with the living room or bedroom being the most common places. Wingback chairs can have a classic shape but they can be upholstered in the most funky modern fabrics. You may be surprised that a 300 year old design remains as popular today whether you are in a traditional or contemporary style.